We investigate how relatively abstract discourses concerning the progress of science are relevant to the production of new knowledge across a range of scientific organizations that include but are not restricted to universities. The discourses of the philosophy of science are relevant not just for understanding how trained scientists produce new knowledge, but also how the many other people designated in organizations as “knowledge workers” produce new knowledge. Further, rethinking the way we conceptualize research has implications for the encouragement of diverse perspectives and competing research programs.
If this research project has one overarching conclusion it is that the philosophy of science can promote alternative constructions of how knowledge can be produced, and these alternative constructions can facilitate organizational experiments across otherwise entrenched knowledge silos.
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